How did the churches respond to National Socialism? Were they victims of th regime, persecuted by a government that sought here also a final solution, the elimination of Christianity? Or did improtant elements within the churches seek accommodation? Betrayal is a broad overview of the Protestant and Catholic churches, with attention to the institutional churches, the theological faculties, and individual theologians, such as Dietrich Bonhoeffer and Joseph Lortz. Included are assessments of the German Christian movement, the Confessing church, the German Catholic church, the Vatican, and the free churches. Various responses--villians, heroes, equivocators--are highlighted.