For two thousand years, Christians have been intrigued by the somewhat enigmatic Image Dei references in the book of Genesis. Much theological ink has been spilled mulling over the significance and meaning of these words: 'Let us make humanity in our image, according to our likeness...' In this book, J. Richard Middleton takes on anew the challenge of interpreting the Image Dei. Reflecting on the potential of the Image Dei texts for developing an ethics of power rooted in compassion, he relates its significance to the Christian community's distinct calling in an increasingly violent world. This book introduces a relevant, scholarly take on an important Christian doctrine. It will appeal to all Christians seeking to better understand what it means to be made in God's image.