How does one read the signs of the time? What does it mean to resist? Dietrich Bonhoeffer has achieved iconic status as one who epitomizes both what it means to struggle and resist tyranny and fascism and how one acts in faithful witness as a religious and political commitment. The complexity of Bonhoeffer’s witness and example is more relevant than ever. A testimony to that is a crucial essay penned by Bonhoeffer in 1942; “After Ten Years” is a succinct and sober reflection and remains one of the best descriptions ever written about what happened to the German people under National Socialism. Victoria J. Barnett presents this timely and unique essay with a penetrating introduction and analysis of its importance—in Bonhoeffer’s time and now in our time.