A fresh account of the development of Scottish theology--from the Reformation to the nineteenth century. T.F. Torrance discusses the theology of John Knox, the Reformers and their immediate successors, the Solemn League and Covenant, the politicisation of theology, the Federal Theology of the Westminster Calvinists, the rejection by the Kirk of its profoundest theologian John McLeod Campbell and the continuing tension between Reformation and Westminster theology until modern times. He explores the nature of Scottish theology and the Scottish Enlightenment through studies of 'Moderates' and 'Evangelicals' and their relationships, Episcopalian Calvinists such as Bishop Robert Leighton, and the rise of missions to heathen nations. Throughout the book, the central themes are the doctrine of God and the atoning death of Christ, and the nature of the gospel and of faith. Professor Torrance suggests how the churches can find the way behind their divisions to this faith and to their Biblical and Reformation roots. His call is for theological healing and reconciliation--to which this book is dedicated.